Cervical cancer develops in the cervix and is categorised as the uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells that line the cervix. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the leading cause for cervical cancer (99%) and is easily spread via skin to skin contact and potentially via the use of contaminated devices. The disinfection of devices used in gynaecology such as transvaginal ultrasound probes and colposcopes is vital in stopping the spread of HPV.
Cervical cancer can develop in women of all ages. HPV vaccination is available to young women an can help prevent 70% of cervical cancer cases. According to WHO, if detected early, cervical cancer is the most successfully treated cancer.